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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section B】
试题内容
Tips for Those Who Travel Alone    When it comes to traveling, sometimes taking a journey alone can be great. Traveling alone allows for a time of self-reflection, relaxation and self-discovery, when you can take the time to soak in the finer things the world has to offer. The independence gained by going alone allows for the opportunity to experience your choice destination exactly the way you want. 
Planning your trip: Where to stay
A) So you’ve finally decided to take advantage of some well-earned vacation time and visit Prague, the city of your dreams. Because you’ll be all by yourself, the planning of your trip is automatically different. One of the first questions worth attention is how you’re going to spend your time in the beautiful Czech Republic capital. Are you going on a shoestring budget, or would you rather go all-out and book a room in a fancy hotel?
B) Because traveling alone means your money is funding the trip, a wise choice would be to stay in youth hostels. Cast away the wrong idea that these places are uncomfortable and dirty, and accept the fact that hostels provide safe, clean, comfortable, and most importantly, cheap housing that millions of students and economical travelers take advantage of every year. It is relatively easy to book a room at a hostel via the Internet, and plenty of information is available about each one. On the other hand, if you can’t wait to take advantage of room service and a Jacuzzi bath, then turn to a hotel. 
Have a plan
C) Along with securing your accommodations, prepare a route of the journey for each day before you leave. This plan should include everything from visiting all the famous landmarks to some relaxation time, which is essential since you’ll be likely walking for miles in your comfortable shoes(invest in a good pair, it will pay off). As great as organization is, however, you may not, at times, have to be restrained by your plan so as to leave room for some sceneries unexpected or unplanned on your trip. That is exactly the beauty of traveling alone: You are your own master, and while preparation is key, there is always room to do something wild. 
Important information prior to takeoff
D) One of the hardest parts of traveling in general is coming up with a list of what you’ll need to bring with you(or leave behind). Thinking of these all-important items becomes all the more difficult(and necessary) when you have no one else to rely on. Whatever luggage you take, make sure it’s easy to handle. The best solution is to take one hold-all, be it a suitcase or a backpack, and then a smaller bag which you can hang loosely from your shoulder. It’s also a good idea to keep a change of clothing in your shoulder bag in case your suitcase or backpack gets lost by an airline or bus company. 
E) If you’re heading for a foreign country, don’t leave home without a bilingual dictionary. Although a strong grasp of Czech will prove quite difficult, it is still important to learn phrases like “thank you, ” “hello, ” “please, ” and “I didn’t know she charged money for her time, ” in case you’re in trouble. Make a copy of all essential travel documents such as your passport and health insurance. Keep the copies separate or leave them behind with someone you trust, in the event of an emergency. 
F) Along with cash, bring a credit card as an emergency method of payment and make sure to take note of your credit card company’s customer service line in case of loss or theft. That way, you can cancel your card immediately and have a new one delivered to you while on your trip(if possible). A book to enjoy on a train ride or on the beach, a journal to record your experiences, and maps to educate yourself on the layout of the land(you can get these from a tourism bureau), can make a world of a difference. With these things in mind and a positive spirit, you are now officially ready to set out on your own. 
Finally there
G) You’ve taken the big step, said goodbye to family and friends, endured a long plane ride, and are finally in the place you dreamed of visiting…until now. You might be quite overwhelmed by your new surroundings, but there are ways to control these feelings of over-stimulation. Instead of being an outsider looking in, try to transform yourself into a relaxed traveler who is not held back by minor frustrations, such as long lines at the train station or delays in visiting hours of certain landmarks. If you planned accordingly, then you can afford to “waste” time at the busy tourist hotspots. Besides, you’re on vacation, and have nowhere to be! Another benefit of traveling alone is the ability to explore museums and engage in other time-consuming activities. There is no pressure to rush through exhibits or cut the visit short;pace yourself and take in the masterpieces, whether you’re art over or just a beginner. 
Getting around
H) Make an effort to walk everywhere—within reason, of course. This will help you get in touch with the area(so to speak)and observe the locals in their element. Using your legs also allows you to find interesting shops and cafes more easily than if you were on some poor-quality tour bus. Your goal should be to blend in, something a well-designed(and perhaps overpriced)tour won’t likely offer. Wear loose, tight clothing because the more comfortable you feel, the more willing you will be to stay out an extra hour to explore a section you might have overlooked. Remain enthusiastic, relaxed and prepared, and the stories you will have to share upon your return will be priceless. 
Extra tips:
I) Bring along a camera with lots of films. Leave your route with someone at home, along with the numbers of each place you’re staying at. It’s okay if your plans are sketchy, but if there is a big change in your plans, you might want to e-mail the new information to your “in case of emergency” person back home. Stay safe and keep an eye out when it comes to money or your belongings; you don’t have a companion to catch the pickpocket creeping up from behind. While having fun is important, so is safety. Be carefree, but don’t throw caution to the wind.
1.[选词填空]If you have problems with the foreign language, you should take a bilingual dictionary along.
    • 解题思路:由题干中foreign language定位至E段。本段讲到,如果去国外那么就不要将双语字典丢在家里,即要带上字典备用,故匹配段落为E段。
    2.[选词填空]Jucuzzi bath is not included in the services of youth hostels.
      • 解题思路:由题干信息定位至B段。本段讲到要想有“客房服务”和“按摩浴缸(Jacuzzi bath)”, 那就要去旅馆,由此可知青年旅社不提供这些服务, 故匹配段落为B段。
      3.[选词填空]Poor-quality tour buses are less likely to take you to interesting shops and cafes. 
        • 解题思路:由题干中Poor-quality tour buses定位至H段。本段将步行和坐质量差的旅游巴士作比较, 结论是坐质量差的旅游巴士更不容易找到有趣的商店和咖啡屋。故匹配段落为H段。
        4.[选词填空]A tourism bureau may provide you with maps.
          • 解题思路:由题干中tourism bureau定位至F段。本段括号中these指的是前面提到的地图, 故匹配段落为F段。
          5.[选词填空]When you arrive at the destination, you should turn yourself into a relaxed traveler rather than an outsider.
            • 解题思路:由题干中destination可定位至G段。本段讲到,你应该试着让自己放松,而不是成为一个观看者。故匹配段落为G段。
            6.[选词填空]According to the author, youth hostels are economical and tidy.
              • 解题思路:由题干中youth hostels定位至B段。可知作者认为青年旅社经济,且舒适整洁实惠,故匹配段落为B段。
              7.[选词填空]The author suggests that you should bring with you a change of clothing in your shoulder bag
                • 解题思路:由题干中shoulder bag定位至D段。本段讲到最好在背包中放一套换洗的衣服,以防手提包或行李箱弄丢之后没衣服穿,故匹配段落为D段。
                8.[选词填空]Traveling alone has a benefit that you can enjoy visiting museums, although it may be time-consuming.
                  • 解题思路:由题干中visiting museums可定位至G段。本段讲到独自旅游的另外一个好处是能够游览博物馆,还可以进行其他这样很花时间的活动,由此可推断出游览博物馆是很花时间的,故匹配段落为G段。
                  9.[选词填空]If you bring a credit card, make sure you take down the service number of the card company in case of loss or theft.
                    • 解题思路:由题干中credit card定位至F段。由本段可知,为防止小偷或信用卡丢失应该记下信用卡公司的客户服务热线,故匹配段落为F段。
                    10.[选词填空]The city Prague is the capital city of Czech Republic.
                      • 解题思路:由题干中Prague定位至A段。本段讲到Prague是你的梦中之城,然后说Prague是美丽的捷克共和国首都, 故匹配段落为A段。
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                      • 参考答案:E,B,H,,G,B,D,G,F,A
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