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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容
    So long as teachers fail to distinguish between teaching and learning, they will continue to undertake to do for children that which only children can do for themselves. Teaching children to readis not passing reading on to them. It is certainly not endless hours spent in activities about reading. Douglas insists that "reading cannot be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible."
    Teaching and learning are two entirely different processes. They differ in kind and function. The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make it possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read. Teaching is also a public activity: It can be seen and observed.
    Learning to read involves all that each individual does to make sense of the world of printed language. Almost all of it is private, for learning is an occupation of the mind, and that process is not open to public scrutiny.
If teacher and learn roles are not interchangeable, what then can be done through teaching that will aid the child in the quest (探索) for knowledge? Smith has one principal rule for all teaching instructions. "Make learning to read easy, which means making reading a meaningful, enjoyable and frequent experience for children."
    When the roles of teacher and learner are seen for what they are, and when both teacher and learner fulfill them appropriately, then much of the pressure and feeling of failure for both is eliminated.Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading.
1.[单选题]The teaching of reading will be successful if __________.
  • A.teachers can improve conditions at school for the students
  • B.teachers can enable students to develop their own way of reading
  • C.teachers can devise the most efficient system for reading
  • D.teachers can make their teaching activities observable
  • 解题思路:细节题。短文第二段指出The function of teaching is to create the conditions and the climate that will make It possible for children to devise the most efficient system for teaching themselves to read.即教学的目的是创造条件和氛围,从而让孩子们找到最有效的方法自己阅读。故选项B正确。
2.[单选题]According to the passage, learning to read will no longer be a difficult task when __________.
  • A.children become highly motivated
  • B.teacher and learner roles are interchangeable
  • C.teaching helps children in the search for knowledge
  • D.reading enriches children's experience
  • 解题思路:细节题。文章最后一句指出Learning to read is made easier when teachers create an environment where children are given the opportunity to solve the problem of learning to read by reading.即如果教师营造一种学习环境让学生有机会通过阅读来解决学习阅读过程中碰到的问题.这样学习阅读就变得简单多了。即学生需要被这种学习环境激发,故选项A正确。
3.[单选题]The problem with the reading course as mentioned in the first paragraph is that __________.
  • A.it is one of the most difficult school courses
  • B.students spend endless hours in reading
  • C.reading tasks are assigned with little guidance
  • D.too much time is spent in teaching reading
  • 解题思路:细节题。短文第一段最后一句指出readingcan not be taught directly and schools should stop trying to do the impossible即阅读能力是没法直接教出来的,学校应停止做这些不可能的事。由此可知学校花费了很多时间去教学生如何阅读。故选项D正确。
4.[单选题]The word "scrutiny" in Para.3 most probably means __________.
  • A.inquiry
  • B.observation
  • C.control
  • D.suspicion
  • 解题思路:含义题。联系上下文,分析句子意思可知scrutiny的意思应该是“监视”。阅读学习是很私人化的,是一种心智活动,不需要受到公众的监视。故选项B正确。
5.[单选题]The main idea of the passage is that__________.
  • A.teachers should do as little as possible in helping students learn to read
  • B.teachers should encourage students to read as widely as possible
  • C.reading ability is something acquired rather than taught
  • D.reading is more complicated than generally believed
  • 解题思路:主旨题。通读全文可知作者主要是在讲述学习阅读。阅读能力是没法教出来的,需要学生自己习得。故选项C正确。
大学英语四级在线题库
  • 参考答案:B,A,D,B,C
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