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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section A】
试题内容
Read the following two texts. Answer the questions on each text by choosing A, B, C or D.Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.
Text 1
    Five-year-old Elia arrived at school with a big box of colored pencils. Her friend, Anna, offeted to exchange her set of markers for the brand-new pencils. Elia agreed, but soon discovered that the markers were dried up. "That's not fair!" cried Elia to her teacher. “I want my new pencils back.”  After some tears and negotiation, the teacher helped the girls set things right by returning the items to their original owners.
    Later that day, at story time, the teacher shared the picture book classic A Bargain for Frances. Though the conflict in the story is just over a broken tea set, the message about fair play was not lost on the children. The book was helpful in exploring a small, yet significant, life lesson. Stories are vital to the way we process and experience life events and the feelings that surround us. The ability to create, share, and respond to stories is one of the vital characteristics of being human. In fact, the human brain is programmed to see patterns and become fascinated in the plot development of stories, finally storing them in long-term memory. As a result, the brain is a remarkably effective processor of stories, both real and fictional.
    High-quality picture books are a good blend of art and literature that attracts kids' imagination and communicates an idea in an effective way. These books me perfect teaching tools, as they deal with the powerful emotions that kids feel, model effective coping strategies, and present complex concepts in appropriate ways. In addition, according to brain research, the picture book complements words with what leaves the most permanent impression: images. The pictures in books are distinctive from the fleeting images kids see on television in that they remain on the page, ready to be revisited, touched, and commented upon.
    Whether we share stories about families, historical events, or emotions, stories are a way to sum up life's memorable moments and lasting lessons. We can control the power of literature and use it to develop positive character in young kids by reading often, choosing suitable books, and enjoying stories together.
1.[单选题]In comparison with pictures in books, television images
  • A.are frequently commented on
  • B.stay temporarily with children
  • C.blend art and literature vividly
  • D.communicate ideas effectively
  • 解题思路:细节题。从文章第四段最后一句“The pictures in books are distinctive from the fleeting images kids see on television in that they remain on the page,ready to be revisited,touched,and commented upon.”可知,与图画书相比,电视画面转换快、停留时间短,故选B。
2.[单选题]The power of literature can help kids develop their 查看材料
  • A.positive character
  • B.interest in history
  • C.passion for stories
  • D.learning strategies
  • 解题思路:细节题。从文章最后一句“We Can control the power of literature and use it to develop positive character in young kids by reading often,choosing suitable books,and enjoying stories together.”可知,我们可以控制文学的力量并利用它来发展孩子积极向上的性格,A项符合题意,故选A。
3.[单选题]According to the text, stories can help kids
  • A.realize their potential
  • B.realize their potential
  • C.concentrate on reading
  • D.understand the human world
  • 解题思路:推理题。从文章第三段第一、二句“Stories are vital to way we process and experience life events and the feelings that surround US.The ability to create,share,and respond to stories is one of the vital characteristics of being human.”可推断出,故事能够帮助孩子更好地了解世界。A项“了解他们的潜能”、B项“提高他们的记忆”、C项“集中注意力阅读”文中都没提及,故排除。故选D。
4.[单选题]A Bargain for Frances is intended to teach kids how to 查看材料
  • A.Play fair in life
  • B.Play fair in life
  • C.win in conflicts
  • D.write a message
  • 解题思路:细节题。从文章第二段第二句“Though the conflict in the story is just over a broken tea set,the message about fair play was not lost on the children.”可知,这本书是关于公平的故事,故选A。
5.[单选题]Elia cried “That' s not fair!" as she thought that she was 查看材料
  • A.cheated by her friend
  • B.defeated by her friend
  • C.ignored by her teacher
  • D.scolded by her teacher
  • 参考答案:B,A,D,A,A
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