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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容

Part C

Directions: Read the following text from which five sentences have, been removed. Choose from the sentences A-G the most suitable one to fill each numbered gap in the text (41 -45). There are TWO extra sentences that you do not need to use. Mark your answers on your ANSWER SHEET.

There is a common response to America among foreign writers:The US is a land of extremes where the best of things are just as easily found as the worst. This is a cliche (陈词滥调). 
In the land of black and white, people should not be too surprised to find some of the gaps between the rich and the poor in the world. But the American Dream offers a way out to everyone. 
1 No class system or government stands in the way. 
Sadly, this old argument is no longer true. Over the past few decades there has been a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy. 
The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened. 2 Over the past 25 years, the median US family income has gone up 18 percent. For the top 1 percent, however, it has gone up 200 per cent. Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth.
Inequalities have grown worse in different regions. In California, incomes for lower class families have fallen by 4 percent since 1969. 4 This has led to an economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans. The wealthiest I percent of households now control a third of the national wealth. There are now 37 million Americans living in poverty. At 12.7 percent of the population, it is the highest percentage in the developed world. 
Yet the tax burden on America' s rich is falling, not growing. 5 There was an eco- nomic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone as a whole. But clearly that theory has not worked in reality. 

A.Now it is 9.8 times.
B.As it does so, the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.C.There are lots of wealth in American.
D.Nobody is poor in the US.
E.The top 1 percent of households has seen its tax bite fall by a full 25 percentage points since 1980.
F.For upper class families they have risen 41 percent.
G.All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards the top.
1.[选词填空]___________
    • 解题思路:该段提到美国贫富家庭的差距在拉大,因此,跨越这个鸿沟的可能性会变得越来越小。故选B。
    2.[选词填空]________
      • 解题思路:该段说自1969年以来,低阶层家庭的收入下降了4%,从上下文判断,应该谈到上层家庭收入的变化,所以选F。
      3.[选词填空]________
        • 解题思路:前一句提到占比1/5的高收入美国人的平均收入是占比1/5的底层人收入的6.7倍,联系上下文,接下来则说现在增加到了9.8倍。故选A。
        4.[选词填空]_________
          • 解题思路:该段开头说到美国富人的税收不但没有增加,反而下降了,下面预期应该是具体下降的幅度,故选E。
          5.[选词填空]__________
            • 解题思路:空格前提到“the American Dream offers a way out to everyone”,后一句则说没有什么会阻碍个人的成功,根据上下文。应该选G。
            公共英语三级在线题库
            • 参考答案:B,F,A,E,G
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