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  • 试题题型【阅读理解 Section C】
试题内容
    In 1993, New York state ordered stores to charge a deposit on beverage(饮料) containers. Within a year, consumers had returned millions of aluminum cans and glass and plastic bottles. Plenty of companies were eager to accept the aluminum and glass as raw materials for new products. But because few could figure out what to do with the plastic, much of it wound up buried in landfills(垃圾填埋场). The problem was not limited to New York. Unfortunately, there were too few uses for second-hand plastic.
   Today, one out of five plastic soda bottles is recycled(回收利用) in the United States. The reason for the change is that now there are dozens of companies across the country buying discarded plastic soda bottles and turning hem into fence posts, paint brushes, etc.
   As the New York experience shows, recycling involves more than simply separating valuable materials from the rest of the rubbish. A discard remains a discard until somebody figures out how to give it a second life—and until economic arrangements exist to give that second life value. Without adequate markets to absorb materials collected for recycling, throwaways actually depress prices for used materials. Shrinking landfill space, and rising costs for buying and burying rubbish are forcing local governments to look more closely at recycling. In many areas, the East Coast especially; recycling is already the least expensive waste-management option. For every ton of waste recycled, a city avoids paying for its disposal, which in parts of New York, amounts to saving people for more than $100 per ton. Recycling also stimulates the local economy by creating jobs and trims the pollution control and energy costs of industry that make recycled products by giving them a more refined raw material.
1.[单选题]The returned plastic bottles in New York used to_____.
  • A.end up somewhere underground
  • B.be turned to raw materials
  • C.have a second-life value
  • D.be separated from other rubbish
  • 解题思路:细节题。第一段第三、四句:许多公司乐于接受铝和玻璃瓶子用作新产品的原材料,但很少有人知道如何使用塑料,因而大多数塑料最终进了垃圾场掩埋掉,此意只有A项符合。
2.[单选题]It can be concluded from the passage that_____.
  • A.rubbish is a potential remedy for the shortage of raw materials
  • B.local governments in the U.S. can expect big profits from recycling
  • C.recycling is to be recommended both economically and environmentally
  • D.landfills will still be widely used for waste disposal
  • 解题思路:主旨题。全文介绍垃圾处理的困难和最终找出废物回收利用这一有效办法,指出回收利用是第一选择,结尾还列举了回收利用的几大优点,文章重在赞赏和推荐废物的回收处理的经济实用和环保意义。这与C项正符合,故C为答案。
3.[单选题]Recycling has become the first choice for the disposal of rubbish because_____.
  • A.local governments find it easy to manage
  • B.recycling has great appeal for the jobless
  • C.recycling causes little pollution
  • D.other methods are more expensive
  • 解题思路:细节推断题。第四段第二句:在许多地方,特别是东部沿海,废物回收利用已经是成本最低的废物处理方法了。故D为答案。
4.[单选题]What regulation was issued by New York State concerning beverage containers?
  • A.Beverage companies should be responsible for collecting and reusing discarded plastic soda bottles.
  • B.Throwaways should be collected by the state for recycling.
  • C.A fee should be charged on used containers for recycling.
  • D.Consumers had to pay for beverage containers and could get their money back on returning them.
  • 解题思路:细节题。D项说消费者退还瓶子时还可以重新得到预付的瓶子钱与首段首句意思相符。
5.[单选题]The key problem in dealing with returned plastic beverage containers is_____.
  • A.to sell them at a profitable price
  • B.how to turn them into useful things
  • C.how to reduce their recycling costs
  • D.to lower the prices for used materials
  • 解题思路:细节推断题。第二段说,直到现有的经济的废物处理方法给了它第二次生命的价值,即让它变成有用的东西,否则它就会一直是垃圾。这与B项意思相同,故B项是答案。
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  • 参考答案:A,C,D,D,B
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